The Republic of Uzbekistan, as other developed and developing countries, is facing a lack of nursing staff partially because of low intentions to stay in their current organizations. However, the factors that lead to the turnover intentions among nurses in Uzbekistan are yet to be studied broadly and deeply. The aim of this paper is, therefore, to explore and examine the impacts of pay, relationships with colleagues and supervisors, working conditions on nurses’ turnover intention in Uzbekistan in order to find the most influential factors. Target population included 200 full-time and part-time registered nurse staffs in 8 different hospitals (2 hospitals are in villages, 1 is in district, and the other 5 hospitals are in a big city) in Uzbekistan. A self-administered questionnaire was developed by analyzing previous studies conducted in nursing turnover intention research field and distributed to the respondents in the selected hospitals.
Findings of the current study showed that there are significant negative relationships between pay satisfaction, interpersonal relationships and turnover intention for nurses, while the relationship between working conditions and turnover intention was not significant. Moreover, in terms of moderations, level of household income had significant effect on the relationship between pay satisfaction and turnover intention, such that there was no moderation effect of hospital location on this relationship. Theoretical and managerial implications of this paper have their own importance for the Republic of Uzbekistan. For instance, in terms of theoretical implications this is one of the first papers addressed to the nursing turnover issue in Uzbekistan. In 2018 the Government of Uzbekistan adopted the “Conception of developing health care system of the Republic of Uzbekistan in 2019-2025” (National Information Agency, December 24, 2018). Regarding practical implications, this paper can be a good guidance for policy-makers to realize their reforms in health care system more effectively, and it can also be used by scholars for further researches in academia in Uzbekistan.
Key words: nurse turnover intention, pay satisfaction, collegial relationships, working conditions, Uzbekistan.