Land is the mainstay for man to live. It is inevitable to put restriction on land due to the scarcity of land resources. Especially, the discrepancy between private ownership and public interest is necessary in implementing the public works. It can be said that it is necessary to incorporate private land to attain the public purpose and to make just compensation for tangible and intangible assets underlying the life such as land.
This study attempted to analyze the case of land compensation in the urban development projects such as Dongtan New Town, Kwanggyo New Town, Osan New Town, Hwaseong Namyang New Town which are the large-scale housing land development district of the south metropolitan area. Based on the findings, this study presented the following improvement scheme:
Therefore, this study presented the improvement scheme for the land compensation system.
First, to propose the need to adjust the criterion and period of compensation price calculation criterion.
Second, to exclude the increments of the land price from the compensation price during the period of the decision.
Third, to propose the scheme to raise the fairness of compensation appraisal.
Fourth, to grope and present the scheme to resolve the unbalance during the period of application for the decision.
This study presented the improvement scheme for the actual operation of compensation for land.
First, to propose the scheme to resolve the ambilaterality problem of the compensation costs of the land.
Second, to propose the computerization and utilization of the compensation case data.
Third, to propose the introduction of the prior agreed-on compensation system related to the progress of the housing land development project.
Fourth, to propose the establishment of the department in charge of civil petitions to make just compensation for the land within the project district.
Fifth, to propose the requirements for the organization of the land compensation council and its flexible operation by project size.
In conclusion, it is necessary that the expropriated and the project sponsor should form the chemistry related to land compensation. And the project sponsor should make just compensation for land and the expropriated should receive just compensation. Then it is possible to supply housing land to new buyers at the lost cost and establish the trust in the public project through the minimum effort and cost.