I would like to thank first of all the Almighty God for helping me complete this work in one piece. My deepest appreciation goes to my advisor, Professor Kyung Ho Lee, who had helped me in fulfilling this work. Also, I am thanking my two co-advisors, Professor Hee Gab Choi and Professor Kyu Sang Lee, who had contributed for the improvement my work. To all my advisors, I am truly grateful.
Special thanks to my family who had shared my sacrifices and their continued love and support. Additional thanks to my son, Glenn Ryan, for being my life and inspiration. Dear son, this is for you.
I want to extend my sincerest thanks to the Tariff Commission (TC) for giving me this opportunity. I want also to extend my deepest gratitude to KOICA for the financial support and to the professors and staff of GSIS of Ajou University for the knowledge and support. To TC, KOICA and Ajou, thank you for being the instruments in my search for personal and career development.
To fourth batch KOICA scholars and friends here in Korea, thanks for being my companions at all times. Without you guys, life here would be very difficult.
Many thanks to all my friends in my beloved country, the Philippines, for all the encouragements and faith in me.
Safeguard mechanism under Article XIX of GATT 1994 and WTO Agreement on Safeguard (SGA) aims to encourage structural adjustment on the part of industries adversely affected by increased imports, thereby enhancing competition in international markets. Safeguard Measure Act or Republic Act 8800 (RA8800) was enacted in 2000 in accordance with SGA. Being relatively new, RA 8800 consistency to SGA is put into question. The effectiveness of its application and its impact was also of general concern. Evaluation of RA 8800 and its comparison with its WTO counterpart was reported here. The case of ceramic tile industry was used to assess the impact of safeguard measure. The result of study shows that RA 8800 has provided more clarity, guidance to investigating authorities and aim to improve the effectiveness of agencies involve. Considering the negative impact of the measure to competition, it has been effective to minimize imports from causing serious injury to the industry under study. The measure also has been aiding the industry in putting in place the adjustment plan to be competitive with imports. However, competitiveness of the industry can not be ascertained after the imposition lapsed. To date, it may be said that the Philippine used this instrument reasonably. This study aims to assist and provide guidance to policy makers and investigating authorities in their future investigation and implementation.