ADP로 활성화된 microglia의 actin dynamics를 조절하는 LRRK2 작용 연구

Alternative Title
Ji-Won Byun
Byun, Ji Won
Alternative Author(s)
Ji-Won Byun
일반대학원 의생명과학과
The Graduate School, Ajou University
Publication Year
Alternative Abstract
Parkinson’s disease (PD) is a neurodegenerative disease caused by dopaminergic neuronal death in the substantia nigra. Microglia are brain macrophages that continuously survey the microenvironment of the brain to find out and repair brain damage. Although PD associated genes are expressed in microglia, their roles in these cells are largely unknown. The present study revealed that LRRK2, a PD-associated gene, regulates the migration of microglia. LRRK2 was located in ruffles, an actin rich structure of moving cells, when ADP induced microglial movement. In immunoprecipation assay, LRRK2 interacted with focal adhesion kinase (FAK), a protein that regulates the adhesion and migration of cells. LRRK2 and FAK were co-localized with ruffles when microglia actively moved. The overexpression of LRRK2 reduced the phosphorylated FAK levels compared with that of the mock, which suggests that LRRK2 inhibits FAK activation. LRRK2 G2019S, a pathologic LRRK2 mutant, more significantly inhibited the FAK activation and the movement of microglia than non-transgenic LRRK2 did. Furthermore, microglial migration defects were also observed in stab-wounded LRRK2 G2019S TG mice brain. Taken together, these results suggest that LRRK2 suppresses microglial movement by inhibiting FAK activation. Importantly, mutations of LRRK2, such as G2019S, could increase the risk of PD development, since microglia could not properly respond to and repair brain damage.

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Graduate School of Ajou University > Department of Biomedical Sciences > 3. Theses(Master)
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