Graduate School of International Studies Ajou University
Nowadays, in the world there are many people living without access to electricity that is almost 1.3 billion where more about 600 million reside in sub-Sahara Africa. In Rwanda, over 7 million of population still now does not have access to electrical energy, and then the target of the country is to move to a middle-income country from a developing country by 2030. So, to achieve this goal Rwanda is making efforts of raising available electricity from current 218 MW to 586 MW by the year 2024 and increasing electricity access from current 46.46 percent to 100 percent both on grid and off grid (52% and 48% Respectively) within the same period.
In addition to that, the larger part of Rwandan Population lacking access to electrical energy lives in remote areas, and also this country has no access to fossil fuel and the hydropower resources are nearly completely developed. To find the resolution of the growing demand of electrical energy, the country has put its focus in the development of solar off grid system especially in rural area where electrification through solar photovoltaic (PV) has arisen as unique potential way to leave this energy poverty.
In fact, this research outlines the background and current status of solar off grid in Rwanda and also including Primary data collected from a field survey in BUGESERA District by using Questionnaire in the process of gathering information, including also Secondary data collected from different related reports from Ministry of Infrastructure (MININFRA), Rwanda Energy Group (REG), MOBISOL company, and other official documents. In this project, the data entry and analysis of data obtained from the survey was performed by using Census and Survey Processing System (CSPro) software, and also by using software known as Statistical Package for the Social Science (SPSS).
The outcomes obtained, revealed that Solar PV System had benefit effects linked to social activities such as education, safety, health, economy, mobile phone, and environment.
This research concluded by providing proposed way forward, policy and recommendation for future implementation.