The innate immune system has an important role in the mammalian immune response. Recent study has demonstrated that mitochondria take part in a broad range of innate immune pathways, functioning as signal platforms and resulting in activation of immune responses. Previously, our lab found that MARCH5 regulates immune response by resolving MAVS prion-like aggregates during viral infection.
The present study revealed the kinetics of RIG-I/MAVS oligomerization upon poly(I:C) transfection. RIG-I and MAVS began to form oligomer, respectively after 12 hrs of poly(I:C) transfection. This was accompanied with accumulation of RIG-I and MAVS protein levels. At 36hrs after stimulation, the oligomerized RIG-I and MAVS proteins were accumulated in the NP_40-insoluble fractions, suggesting that the RIG-I/MAVS oligomers form a strong insoluble protein aggregates in cells. I found that MARCH5 not only targeted the oligomerized MAVS protein but also caused a significant reduction of the oligomerized RIG-I levels, of which degradation is mediated through a proteasome-dependent manner. In bone-marrow derived macrophage cell (BMDM) from MARCH5 knockout mice secreted high amount of type-I interferon secretion in response to poly(I:C) transfection. Approach to oligomeric complex provides understanding of relationship between RIG-I/MAVS oligomers and MARCH5. That make the reason I proposed that RIG-I and MAVS oligomers can be dual-targeted by MARCH5 during innate immune response.