MARCH5에 의한 RIG-I/MAVS 신호전달의 조절

Alternative Title
Seong-Gwang Kim
Alternative Author(s)
Seong-Gwang Kim
일반대학원 의생명과학과
The Graduate School, Ajou University
Publication Year
Alternative Abstract
The innate immune system has an important role in the mammalian immune response. Recent study has demonstrated that mitochondria take part in a broad range of innate immune pathways, functioning as signal platforms and resulting in activation of immune responses. Previously, our lab found that MARCH5 regulates immune response by resolving MAVS prion-like aggregates during viral infection. The present study revealed the kinetics of RIG-I/MAVS oligomerization upon poly(I:C) transfection. RIG-I and MAVS began to form oligomer, respectively after 12 hrs of poly(I:C) transfection. This was accompanied with accumulation of RIG-I and MAVS protein levels. At 36hrs after stimulation, the oligomerized RIG-I and MAVS proteins were accumulated in the NP_40-insoluble fractions, suggesting that the RIG-I/MAVS oligomers form a strong insoluble protein aggregates in cells. I found that MARCH5 not only targeted the oligomerized MAVS protein but also caused a significant reduction of the oligomerized RIG-I levels, of which degradation is mediated through a proteasome-dependent manner. In bone-marrow derived macrophage cell (BMDM) from MARCH5 knockout mice secreted high amount of type-I interferon secretion in response to poly(I:C) transfection. Approach to oligomeric complex provides understanding of relationship between RIG-I/MAVS oligomers and MARCH5. That make the reason I proposed that RIG-I and MAVS oligomers can be dual-targeted by MARCH5 during innate immune response.

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Graduate School of Ajou University > Department of Biomedical Sciences > 3. Theses(Master)
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